More Doublespeak

By Midge Raymond,

The Associated Press ran a story today on the latest in government doublespeak (I last wrote about doublespeak back in July when Dell recalled computer batteries due to “thermal incidents”). This AP story is even more disturbing, covering the use of such terms as “food insecurity” for the problem of hunger in America, and the idea of “redeploying” rather than “retreating” from Iraq.

It’s as if the government thinks no one will catch on if suicides are called “self-injurious behavior incidents” and prisoners are called “imperative security internees.” It’s not just the current administration that is taken to task; the story also points out that the Democrats’ stand on abortion is invariably called the “right to choose.”

The article quotes Timothy Lynch of the Cato Institute as saying, “By corrupting the language, the people who wield power are able to fool the others about their activities and evade responsibility and accountability.” Yet to me, it doesn’t seem as if doublespeak actually fools people — rather, it simply talks down to them. And this, of course, violates not only one but at least two tenets of good writing: be clear, and respect your audience.



You’re Not Paranoid

By Midge Raymond,

Recently a writer asked me to have a look at a publishing contract she’d just been offered — she was wary because the agency had responded so quickly with an unequivocal “yes” that she thought it must be too good to be true. She was right.

The agency, it turned out, is well known by several bloggers and web sites warning writers of scams. And this writer’s instincts were right on — while finding an agent can happen miraculously quickly for a lucky few, usually it is such an arduous process that when an agent responds immediately with a contract, writers are wise to be cautious, perhaps even a little paranoid. At the very least, doing a little more research is never a bad idea.

At best, a scam agency will waste your valuable time. At worst, it can cost a writer hundreds, even thousands, of dollars in addition to his or her valuable time. There are plenty of good resources to help you avoid some of these illegitimate agencies, among them Victoria Strauss and A.C. Crispin’s blog about scams, as well as the popular Writer Beware and Preditors and Editors sites.

But more important than recognizing a bad agency is knowing what a good agency is. And the only way to find this out is to do your research: to invest the time, to get to know the industry. This is usually the last thing a writer wants to do when he or she has just finished a manuscript and is eager to send it out — but of course, this is what the illegitimate agencies count on.

But try looking at your agent search as you would the writing process itself: as something that takes time, sometimes quite a bit of time, to be done properly and well. Subscribe to PublishersMarketplace and/or Publishers Weekly long before you’re ready to send out your queries. Look at sales records, and look for these sales on the bookshelves. The more time you invest in the process and the more knowledge you have, the more confident you’ll feel in getting good news.



Save the Cash for Postage

By Midge Raymond,

In our Getting Published seminar last weekend, we discussed everything from submitting stories to literary magazines to querying editors at the glossies to the best strategies for finding an agent. When I went through a list of DOs and DON’Ts for submitting to literary agents, a few students were amazed at some of the examples I brought up of what not to do — i.e., don’t claim your book is a surefire best-seller; don’t mention all the other agents who loved it but inexplicably rejected it anyway. “People actually do that?” they asked.

Yes, actually, they do — and it was fun this morning to catch part of an NPR interview with local author Debra Ginsberg, who spoke about some of her experiences working at a literary agency (her first novel, Blind Submission, released this month, is set at an agency).

When asked what sorts of books make a good impression on an agent, Debra mentioned the usual things that capture agents’ attention: being on the cusp of a trend, being a celebrity, having a strong writing and publishing background — but she also mentioned that more obvious is what makes a bad impression, among them poor spelling, punctuation, and grammar, as well as claiming that your book is the best in the world. She has worked at agencies that receive 75-100 manuscripts a day (some, she said, actually arrive with cash stapled to them). When dealing with this sort of volume, it’s easy to see how rejection can be swift; as Debra said, while it’s hard to say what types of books are accepted, it’s easy to say what types of manuscripts and proposals get rejected.

Of course, it wasn’t surprising to hear that the publishing industry is as competitive as ever — but it was good to hear that a great story, presented in a professional, polished manuscript, is still the best way to make a good impression.



The Million-Dollar Comma

By Midge Raymond,

Today’s New York Times features a story about the importance of punctuation — and while it is a distressing story for the the two Canadian companies embroiled in a contract dispute, it’s a joyous occasion for all of us who have (usually unsuccessfully) attempted to teach writers that a comma is never just a comma.

The article outlines the dispute between a cable television provider and a phone company over their contract; at the heart of the argument is a comma that tips the grammar in favor of the phone company, at a cost of 1 million Canadian dollars.

The sentence in question reads: “This agreement shall be effective from the date it is made and shall continue in force for a period of five (5) years from the date it is made, and thereafter for successive five (5) year terms, unless and until terminated by one year prior notice in writing by either party.” Most grammar sticklers, including myself, will agree (as did Canada’s telecom regulator) that the placement of the second comma does, in fact, indicate that the contract can be terminated after one year, as the phone company asserts. The cable company disagrees, of course, and is arguing the rules with the help of an expert in contract language. It also has another resource: the French version of the contract, which in Canada has equal status under the law.

But as unusual as this case may be, I just have to take this opportunity to exhort all writers not to underestimate the comma — or any piece of punctuation, for that matter. One day you may be glad you paid attention.



Writer Beware

By Midge Raymond,

While the Sobol Award (see previous entry) may have raised the hopes of unpublished, unagented writers, it is also raising great ire among agents and publishers. W.W. Norton executive editor Robert Weil told Reuters yesterday, “I feel extremely sorry for the thousands of eager writers who will pay $85 in the hopes it might get them started on a successful career…I do not think this is a serious way of getting published.”

In the same article, agent Gary Morris, of the David Black Literary Agency in New York, compared the contest to a lottery and pointed out that it would behoove writers to find an agent who is actually known to editors. As I pointed out in my previous blog, the Sobol Literary Agency has no known clients or sales — something that should raise a red flag for any writer seeking representation.

My favorite response to the contest comes from Miss Snark, an anonymous New York literary agent whose blog on agenting gives the Sobol Award no mercy. For all you writers out there who are thinking of submitting to the Sobol Award, I’d suggest reading Miss Snark’s blog first. She may be a little cranky about this particular award, but she does know her stuff … and maybe you’ll decide you have better places to spend your $85. And if not, at least you’ll be submitting with your eyes wide open.



No agent? No publisher? No problem. (Maybe.)

By Midge Raymond,

The Sobol Award, a new award for unagented and unpublished writers, opens tomorrow, offering the winning novelist a $100,000 prize and representation by The Sobol Literary Agency. Unlike most contests, it also offers all entrants a reader’s report on the strengths and weaknesses of their manuscripts (which helps explain the hefty $85 entry fee). The award also offers representation and cash to the top 10 finalists.

The unusual thing about this contest, aside from the high fee and amazingly high amount of prize money, is that it’s being held by a literary agency rather than a magazine, nonprofit, or small press. Most other contests pay much less to the winners (closer to the neighborhood of $1,000 than $100,000), but they do publish winning manuscripts. In this case, writers get representation (and, ostensibly, far more money than they would likely earn as an advance on a first novel) — but no promise of publication.

Of course, as the saying goes, if it sounds too good to be true, it probably is. Generally speaking, literary agencies taking reading fees from writers goes against the Association of Authors’ Representatives’ canon of ethics. (The Sobol Literary Agency is not an AAR member, as far as we can tell, and it seems to have been created for the sole purpose of representing the winners and finalists of the award; it offers no information about other clients.) Writers may also recall the infamous Zoo Press fiction award, for which the press collected hundreds of entry fees without awarding any prizes.

The Sobol Award was founded by a self-published technology entrepreneur, and its management team and panel of judges comprise former television and publishing executives. And it will either comfort or alarm writers to know that the Sobol Award is represented by an attorney, F. Robert Stein, who previously turned down the job, telling the Associated Press that he thought the award “sounded terribly suspicious” and that “I thought it would destroy my reputation.” But, he continued, “I laid out conditions for the contest, including that winners are not bound forever to being represented by the Sobol agency … I have been over every word on the website and every word of the promotional material. I have been absolutely satisfied.”

It’s tempting for any writer to jump at a chance to win what the Sobol Award is offering, and we hesitate to discourage anyone from entering what could turn out to be the contest of the year. But there is a reason contests like this don’t come up every day — and as with contest or agent search, writers should proceed with caution.



Got Writer’s Block?

By Midge Raymond,

Tuesday’s Portland Oregonian featured a story on the International 3-Day Writing Contest, which puts writers to the task of beginning and finishing a novel within 72 hours (making the term Labor Day Weekend truly appropriate). The contest draws 300 entrants from around the world, and its $50 price tag allows the sponsors to offer publication to the winner (though it’s not clear by what criteria novels are defined or winners chosen — this year’s winning novel was only 80 pages).

I’m a big fan of Anne Lamott’s aptly named notion of Shitty First Drafts (see Bird by Bird for her brilliant chapter on this) and therefore am not sure any novel written in three days should be published. In fact, many novels that take a hundred times that long should not be published (including my own first attempt). This contest is clearly more about speed than literary quality (in only three of the contest’s twenty-eight years have the sponsors found no winning novel) — but to its credit, the contest gets people past their writer’s block and gets them writing. For some writers, it may be the competition that jump-starts their work; for others, it’s the possibility of publication. For most, it’s probably just knowing that other writers, somewhere out there, are suffering along with them.

This contest makes NaNoWriMo look like a walk in the park. NaNoWriMo (National Novel Writing Month) is a soon-to-be nonprofit that every year inspires writers to pen novels during the month of November. The rules for NaNoWriMo make a little more sense: the minimum word count is 50,000 (about 200 pages); it’s free to sign up; and any writer who reaches 50,000 words is declared a winner. NaNoWriMo doesn’t publish any of the finished novels and acknowledges that this approach provides a starting point only (though many writers who began novels with NaNoWriMo went on to revise and sell their books to such publishers as Warner and Berkley Books). But perhaps best of all, the organization collects donations to help the children’s literacy non-profit Room to Read fund libraries in Cambodia and Laos.

For anyone who has writer’s block but not $50, I’d suggest setting your own Labor Day Weekend goals — devise a personal contest of your own, or challenge a few writer friends to help each other finish your long-neglected projects. And if this weekend doesn’t do the trick, November and NaNoWriMo are just around the corner.



Too Much Truth in Fiction?

By Midge Raymond,

Most often when the subject of libel comes up in our workshops, it’s in the memoir classes. But of course fiction writers, too, draw stories from real life, though as Rachel Donadio notes in yesterday’s New York Times Book Review, “it’s extremely rare for a publisher to drop [a novel] because of libel concerns.”

Yet according to Donadio’s essay, that is just what happened to J. Robert Lennon’s novel Happyland, which according to Lennon was dropped by W. W. Norton at the last minute due to its storyline being based on an actual woman and actual events that took place in upstate New York. While Lennon maintains that aside from this foundation, the rest of his novel is entirely fictional, apparently the publishers were concerned enough to let it go.

It’s enough to make any writer paranoid. Many fiction writers do base characters and events, at least in part, on characters and events from their own lives. Then they either let the characters take on entirely new personas — or they very carefully disguise them in hopes that they won’t be recognizable. But libel is always tough to prove, particularly in fiction, so most writers don’t worry too much about it. When my students ask, I turn to my favorite source on the subject, Anne Lamott’s Bird by Bird. For her take on the matter, see Part Five: The Last Class. She says it all.

The good news, as the essay reports, is that Lennon’s novel did receive publication — as a serial in Harper’s. As Lennon told Donadio, with its circulation of 200,000, Harper’s may have provided a better vehicle for the story anyhow. At any rate, it’s good to see that the First Amendment has prevailed. Donadio also reports that the real-life subject of the novel has no intention of either reading the novel or suing over it. It’s a lesson for writers nonetheless: write whatever inspires you, but do it carefully.



Reading for Writers

By Midge Raymond,

Not long ago, a couple of my workshop students joked that taking my classes has really ruined their reading pleasure. That is, whereas they used to simply enjoy a book, now they read it with a critical eye, noting what works and what doesn’t, and trying to figure out why.

Francine Prose’s new book, Reading Like a Writer: A Guide for People Who Love Books and for Those Who Want to Write Them, reviewed today in the New York Times, is about this very subject: reading books not only for pleasure but (mostly) for their didactic qualities.

Many writers will maintain that creative writing cannot be taught (including Times reviewer Emily Barton, who writes, “I used to inveigh against writing workshops — right up until the day I started teaching one.”) I myself used to take great pride in having published fiction without ever having taken a fiction-writing course … and even though I now teach fiction workshops, I’d be the first to tell any student that they don’t really, truly need me in order to write. (Though I do aim to help.)

What we all need, however, are the writers who teach us by example. Not necessarily the ones who write books on how to write — while some of these are certainly enlightening, they fall under the same category as classes: perfect for some aspiring writers, but not for all. I’ve always liked Stephen King’s second foreword to his book On Writing: A Memoir of the Craft, in which he writes, “This is a short book because most books about writing are filled with bullshit. Fiction writers, present company included, don’t understand very much about what they do — not why it works when it’s good, not why it doesn’t work when it’s bad. I figured the shorter the book, the less the bullshit.”

Yet learning from other writers’ novels or memoirs or poetry is irreplaceable. It’s through reading that we learn what we like, what we don’t like, how to find our own voices, as well as how to handle all the little details that create a character, a scene, story. Prose’s new book sounds like one of the rare gems in books about writing; as Emily Barton writes, “Like the great works of fiction, it’s a wise and voluble companion.”



Love and Work

By Midge Raymond,

Freud famously said, “Love and work — that’s all there is.” Rachel Donadio’s essay, “What I Did at Summer Writer’s Camp,” in today’s New York Times Book Review, explores two of the U.S.’s most famous artists’ colonies, Yaddo and MacDowell, pointing out that love and work are alive, well, and abundant at both.

In her essay, Donadio repeats the popular saying that the sex is better at Yaddo but the work better at MacDowell, and she interviews writers from Alice Sebold to Michael Chabon to Jeffrey Eugenides about what really goes on at the colonies. It’s an interesting piece for anyone who’s ever been to such a retreat as well as for anyone who’s ever thought about applying.

Having never been, over the years I’ve thought many times about applying to one of the myriad retreats available to writers. I’ve heard a lot about them (mostly that a lot more loving than working actually happens). And I have yet to send in an application. Sometimes it’s due to scheduling, a daunting application process, already being happily married, or, in one case, the fact that the location was so remote that I’d have needed to bring my own power saw in case a tree fell and stranded me from the main road.

The main reason I have never applied, though, is that I’ve become so used to being a working writer — that is, a writer with a day job — that I’m not sure how productive I’d be if I had two weeks or a month with nothing to do but write. My writing process has become all about fitting it in when I can, and sometimes it’s the lack of time that makes me the most productive. Donadio’s essay touches on this, with one writer saying that all that free time at the colony evoked in her an “exsistential terror.” Other writers simply report sleeping a lot.

What I do try to do sometimes, and what I recommend to others who can’t get away for long periods of time, is to create a retreat of one’s own. This is similar to what Julia Cameron calls the Artist’s Date. What Cameron means is to take yourself out and enjoy some play time or leisure time. But if writing is what you need to do, set aside a day and go to the library, or the beach, or a coffee shop — somewhere you can write all day, uninterrupted by phone, family, or work. Or ask your partner to make him/herself scarce for the day, and to take the pets and kids along, leaving you with a quiet space to write. (Better have him/her take the remote control, too.)

Great work can be done anywhere; you don’t need an artists’ colony to write. However, it’s still worth looking into. As the essay points out, of the many advantages of places like Yaddo and MacDowell, with all that sex and creativity in the air, returning home with good material is one of them.



Just a Phone Call Away

By Midge Raymond,

Fact-checking is a part of any editor’s job, and a recent New York Times article reminded me of one of my best resources for random, obscure, and weird questions while I was working in Boston: The Boston Public Library’s telephone reference line. We all had the number in our rolodexes, if not posted above our phones or even programmed into auto-dial. You could call the number and ask about literally anything — and nine times out of ten, you’d get the answer you needed.

The Times article (it appeared a couple of weeks ago, actually; I’ve been a little slow on my blogging lately) was, of course, about the New York Public Library’s telephone reference service, and it even included the number (212-340-0849). Those of us on the West Coast needn’t worry — the reference librarians take calls from anyone, anywhere, and even offer to answer your question within five minutes (especially good news for anyone for whom this is a toll call). But don’t forget the time change (they’re available from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. Eastern time, daily except Sundays and holidays).



Check Out “Chapter One” and “First Chapters”

By Midge Raymond,

Some of us buy books based on the cover, the storyline, the genre — and many of us also open them up in the bookstore (or on Amazon) to read a few pages. (John, for one, never buys a book whose opening paragraph doesn’t hook him immediately — and I suspect he’s not alone.) We’ve found a couple of good ways to check out the first chapter of a book without hogging the chairs at Barnes and Noble or flipping through all those electronic pages on Amazon.

The Washington Post hosts a wonderful web site called Chapter One that posts the first chapter of new books — and it’s so much fun to explore. It’s also highly addictive. The site features fiction and nonfiction from a range of literary and popular authors, and most of the books have been reviewed by the Post. But it gives readers a chance to check out new prose for themselves — the best addition to any review.

The New York Times features its own selections in “First Chapters,” in the Books section of its web site. This, too, is highly addictive. But these sites are clearly win-wins — for both readers and authors (and of course, advertisers). We hope they’ll stay around.



Novel Ideas for Novels

By Midge Raymond,

Today’s Wall St. Journal features an article on new ways to sell fiction: by reaching into niche markets.

I’m fascinated by the innovative ways authors sell books, from giving readings at casinos to finding a platform. This is all for good reason — as this Journal article reports, more than 5,000 new novels are published each year, even as sales are slowing. Publishers and authors have to be inventive.

This article reports the myriad ways publishers can find readers, from cable-TV shows to nonprofit organizations to businesses. While some of these approaches are risky (approaching autism reaearch groups to help promote a novel about a boy with autism) and some fall flat (a novel about a woman who runs a bed-and-breakfast didn’t sell well in the B&Bs the publisher targeted), publishers are clearly finding it necessary to go beyond bookstores to capture readers’ interest.

And I really enjoyed reading about how authors themselves are thinking ahead — the article highlights a writing pair whose mystery novel is tied to scrapbooks, a growing market that the authors, as well as their agent and publisher, are specifically targeting. Traditionally, this sort of marketing analysis has been the concern of nonfiction writers, who sell book proposals rather than finished manuscripts. Novelists, we like to believe (especially if we are novelists ourselves), only have to worry about the writing itself.

But it’s becoming clear that novelists would be wise to think like nonfiction writers when they’re getting ready to approach agents and editors — that is, to look for innovative ways of reaching new readers. As the fiction market grows more competitive, writers with ideas that go beyond character and plot might find themselves with a big advantage…not to mention bigger sales.



Authors in Vega$

By Midge Raymond,

As we all know, author readings and book signings aren’t just for bookstores anymore. And an article in today’s New York Times shows that for some popular authors, casinos have become the new bookstores.

I’m not at all surprised by this … I had never been to the “old Vegas” of $19 hotel rooms, $5 buffets, and not much else to do but gamble (and engage in other activities that inspired the saying “what happens in Vegas stays in Vegas”). But the newly polished Vegas has a lot more to offer. You can still find cheap hotels and good deals off the Strip — but it’s also very easy to forgo gambling in favor of fine dining, fine drinking, shopping, shows, and now … book readings and signings.

From Foxwoods and Mohegan Sun in the east to Mandalay Bay in the west, casinos are welcoming authors. The article points out that publishers see these venues as a better fit for popular writers than literary writers (Robin Cook, Augusten Burroughs, and Erica Jong are among the writers to speak at casinos this year) — but judging by the crowds a casino can draw (the Times reports that mystery writer Janet Evanovich sold 1,125 copies of her new book at Foxwoods, setting a record for sales of a single title in one day), I’m guessing that publishers and writers will begin to open their minds to it.

I, for one, would love to see a little culture in the casinos. And it sounds as if many writers are already embracing the idea. Jacquelyn Mitchard, author of The Deep End of the Ocean, among other books, told the Times that she didn’t have a problem with her appearance at Mandalay Bay, even if she did have to read over the sound of slot machines. More important, she sold books.



Julia Cameron’s New Book

By Midge Raymond,

Today’s Los Angeles Times features an article about Julia Cameron, author of The Artist’s Way and The Vein of Gold, among others. Cameron has just published a memoir about her life’s struggles, from the breakup of her marriages to her recovery from drug and alcohol addiction to her nervous breakdowns. She has never before revealed the extent of her struggles, and those familiar with her creativity books may not realize, as Gina Piccalo of the Times points out, that back in the 1970s, Cameron “was best known as the lush whom Martin Scorsese left for Liza Minnelli, the hotshot writer who swore like a sailor and matched Hunter S. Thompson drink-for-drink.”

But since the publication of The Artist’s Way in 1992, Cameron has been the one people turn to for guidance. I first read the book shortly after it was published — it was wildly popular among creative types in New York, where I lived then. Artist’s Way groups met regularly, working through the twelve-week creativity program together, and individuals exhorted one another to read the book — nearly everyone who recommended it to me said, “It changed my life.” I have to admit it changed mine, too. It was in the mid 1990s that I began writing fiction, and I published my first short story a couple years later. I still recommend it to students and fellow writers. And yes, I still do morning pages (most of the time).

Cameron told the Times that she wrote her memoir, Floor Sample, to let readers know of the struggles she had to overcome to become who she is today; she doesn’t want it to look as if it’s too easy. From the few examples revealed in this article, it sounds as if this book will accomplish that. I’m looking forward to reading it … but first, I might pick up The Artist’s Way again.